WHERE IS COSTA RICA LOCATED?
Map of Costa Rica, showing Location and Relief.
- To the North, Nicaragua
- To the South, Panama
- To the East, the Caribbean Sea
- To the West, the Pacific Ocean.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF PRE-HISPANIC COSTA RICA
COSTA RICA AS A COLONY OF SPAIN.
For all these reasons Costa Rica was by and large unappreciated and overlooked by the Spanish Crown and left to develop on its own. It was also rather isolated from the Spanish colonial centers in Mexico and the Andes; this all contributed to the development of an autonomous and individualistic agrarian society.
MODERN DEVELOPMENT OF COSTA RICA.
The characteristics mentioned above seem to have conditioned the more modern history of this country. After Independence in 1821, instead of recurring cycles of dictatorship and poverty, Costa Rica was able to achieve an enduring democracy and the highest standards of living in Central America. What’s more, Costa Rica is unique among all nations for its “unarmed” political democracy (no army) and “green” economic revolution.
The economic development started in the 19th century, when it was realized that the soil and climate of the Central Valley highlands were ideal for coffee cultivation. Costa Rica led the Central American nations in introducing the coffee bean, which turned the impoverished country into the wealthiest in the region.
Much of this wealth came from exporting the coffee production to external markets. The Costa Rican coffee boom was on!
In the 1970s, world coffee prices rapidly dropped due to oversupply. This brought together an unusual alliance of economic developers and environmental conservationists. Deciding that if wealth could no longer be obtained by exports, Costa Rican developers looked to importing … tourists! The nation initiated its “green revolution”
At present, almost one-third of the country is under environmental protection, giving rise to a very strong eco-tourism.
According to an international list that ranks nations by combining measures of their ecological footprint with the happiness of their citizens, Costa Rica is at present “the greenest and happiest nation in the world”!
MORE FASCINATING DETAILS ABOUT COSTA RICA.
The music is lively, combing native melodies and rhythms with both the Spanish and the African influence.
The native folklore is colorful, there are attractive group dances and pair dances performed with the dancers adorned with beautiful costumes. There is a love of vibrant colors, which are used profusely.
The beaches are too many to count! All of them are beautiful!
FAMOUS POLITICAL FIGURES
- Oscar Arias, President of Costa Rica for two periods: 1986 – 1990 and 2006 – 2010. Recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1987 for his Central American Peace Plan.
- Laura Chinchilla, first female president of Costa Rica, is the present incumbent (8 May 2010)
A FAMOUS TOURIST LOCATION: POAS CRATER.
Source: Peter Andersen, CC BY SA 3.0. Wikimedia Commons